Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, Orthopedic Implants
2021-08-29
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Titanium mesh cranioplasty

Titanium mesh cranioplasty

Titanium mesh cranioplasty is one of the most common uses for repairing defective bone in the skull and it has the least complications.

Terrible accidents or any other hit on the head may cause severe damage to the skull. Such blows cause the destruction of part of the bone and the deformity of the spherical shape of the skull. One way to compensate for these injuries is cranioplasty surgery. Cranioplasty can perform in different kinds of materials and  Titanium mesh cranioplasty is one of the most common uses from different types of cranioplasty that exist. This surgery is a complicated surgery that can have a lot of complications by side. In this article, we will review everything you need to know about Titanium mesh cranioplasty.

Mesh cranioplasty

Titanium mesh cranioplasty is surgery with titanium as an implanter material that is using more than other materials these days.

The procedure involves lifting the scalp and restoring the skull's contours with either the original skull piece or a custom contoured graft made from material such as:

  • Titanium with mesh or plate
  • The liquid form of Synthetic bone substitute
  • Solid biomaterial

 

Titanium mesh for skull repair

Titanium mesh for skull repair is used to repair many problems for the skull. Its applications include:

  • Cosmetic abnormalities
  • Reducing the vulnerability of unprotected brain tissue
  • Brain tumor or cancer

Titanium mesh cranioplasty surgery is performed in such a way that patients first fall asleep with the help of local anesthesia. The surgeon then carefully cuts his/her scalp and divides it into different layers. This protects the brain and makes sure the surgeon does not mistakenly cause problems for the brain. After cleaning the edges of the bone, its surface is prepared for the implant so that it can correct the existing defect properly. The titanium mesh layer is screwed to the skull bones. After the implant is placed, the bleeding is controlled and the scalp returns to its original normal position and the incision area is closed with sutures.

Titanium mesh implant

There are different types of titanium mesh implants depending on where to use them. For example, there is a type of Titanium mesh that uses in dental implants.

This variety in the use of titanium as a suitable material to compensate for defects in almost all parts of the body can indicate that this material is most compatible with the human body. Therefore, its use in the skull can also be appropriate. However, as each person's anatomy and body are completely different, the surgeon may still suggest treatments or other materials for the problem. Or, after titanium mesh cranioplasty surgery, the patient's body may react to this and become infected.

Titanium mesh cranioplasty complications

This type of cranioplasty doesn’t have old history, and the true complications of titanium mesh cranioplasty are not yet enough to make a clear exposure of titanium implants. However, various studies in patients for whom titanium mesh implants have been implanted indicate that this solution may not be appropriate for the long term.

 For example, according to studies published by Science Direct, according to studies, implants were performed on people aged 41 to 77 for a period of 5 to 87 months. In addition, it should be noted that for people with thin scalp or people who suffer from post-operative infections, it is necessary to be under the supervision of a doctor to prevent possible serious risks.

Titanium mesh cranioplasty gives the best offer for isolated bone defects. But in high-risk patients with soft-tissue defect, outcomes can not be as good as it seems and free tissue transfer is more successful for them. Moreover, in cases with locoregional clap flap or free muscle flap, using titanium mesh cranioplasty must use carefully.

Recovering from titanium mesh cranioplasty

A few hours after the surgery is very important and the patient should be constantly monitored by a doctor or nurses and checked for blood pressure, measuring pulse, limb strength, and level of alertness to be treated promptly in case of any infection or blood clots. If there is no problem, the next day the nurse can take an IV drop in the patient's arm and encourage him to walk. Therefore, the patient returns to almost normal and the bandage on his head is removed after two days.

Normally, like other surgeries, the patient needs to be cared for in the hospital for a few days and gradually begin his or her tasks, such as taking a shower. He can then be discharged from the hospital.

 

Titanium mesh cranioplasty price

The cost of titanium mesh cranioplasty surgery depends on several factors, including:

  • The amount of titanium mesh required
  • Its location
  • The type of titanium (plate or mesh)
  • Quality of material

Despite numerous price changes due to the quality and amount of titanium mesh used in this surgery, the approximate cost of this material varies between $ 10.000 - $ 20.000. But for the titanium mesh, on average, it will cost around $ 200 per piece.

The average cost of this surgery was $11,378. About 2 days after surgery patient needs to stay in the ICU and it takes 4 to 7 days to stay in the surgical ward. So this cost can add to the main surgery and it costs something about 18.000$.

Summery

Cranioplasty is a good solution for repairing or defecting the skull and even though it is a very special surgery, it has a quite good result. One of the materials that have the least amount of infection or complications after surgery is titanium mesh Cranioplasty.

Cranioplasty with CAD / CAM titanium plates is suitable for regenerating galleries in all sizes, offering the least amount of complications. Also, in terms of complications and removal rate in long periods and the possibility of acceptable postoperative imaging, this type of surgery is more reasonable than other types. Given that cranioplasty surgery is a very important and sometimes vital surgery, the use of quality materials will be an undeniable part to prevent subsequent infections. The Monib company will help you to ensure the quality of the material by providing different types of materials needed for skull implants.


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