Cranio-Maxillofacial injuries usually occur as a result of a variety of reasons. These may involve falling from certain heights, being hit by strong and heavy objects, damages caused in motorbike or car crashes, ripping of the bones by sharp objects or bullets, being attacked and kicked by an animal, injuries occurred during sports games or fights, damages received by industrial or domestic accidents, severe burns resulted from acid attacks, etc.
The surgical repair of pectus excavatum, like other major surgeries, presents risks. Also most patients who have the pectus excavatum surgery are pleased with the results.
Lumbar disc replacement is considered when the chronic pain is not treated with physical therapy or other non-surgical options. This artificial disc operation can treat low back pain, correct deformities, strengthen stability of spine and improve patient function.